Education system in the UK and India

Comparison Between India And UK Education System

We, as humans, are social creatures. We are greatly influenced by society and the environment surrounding us. The same goes for education as well. Culture will always influence the education system of a country. Throughout the world, people make significant investments in education. A quality education will provide professional opportunities to build a prosperous life. Every country has its education method with unique features. Of course, we can find advantages and disadvantages in all the systems! Guess what? Nothing can be without a flaw! When it comes to the methods of education in the UK and India, there is a massive difference between them. The impact made on the students because of this difference also varies. If you are wondering which education to choose to help your life, you must understand the differences between teaching in the UK and India. You have to weigh those differences to decide for yourself. This article will explain education in the UK and India and help determine which suits you better.


The education system in India emphasises more on theory and is teacher-driven. But education in the UK provides more of a hands-on learning experience to the students.

  • With the standard of education in the UK being very high, industry-trained and advanced degree holders are chosen for teaching.
  • They are encouraged and expected to devise creative ways to teach their students.
  • Application-oriented teaching allows the students at UK universities to be more innovative.
  • In India, private schools and colleges have well-qualified teachers. Continuous efforts are being made to uplift study conditions in government-owned educational institutions.


  • Regarding grading, the Indian education system focuses primarily on percentages of marks.
  • Indian schools primarily focus on teaching the skills needed to succeed in the exams.
  • In the UK, the students are assessed on various aspects, including projects, research, presentations, etc., and exam scores are part of that assessment.
  • School education in the UK provides all the possibilities for skill development in the students, and the tasks are assigned based on that.
  • This helps to comprehend the skills and strengths of the students and find their true potential while seeking employment.


  • When it comes to the use of technology, education in the UK is far more advanced when compared with India.
  • The UK institutions use advanced technologies and offer students online notes, educational software, a projector, etc. It is widespread, even in smaller institutions.
  • In India, only some universities in the major cities are technically advanced.
  • Several Indian schools do not have the central components to support good quality education, such as innovative classes, well-equipped laboratories, etc.
  • The education system is still under development in rural areas, and some even need more basic facilities.


  • The UK is one of the most economically strong countries in the world. It is home to most of the internationally top-ranked universities.
  • Education in the UK from such universities will boost the students' professional careers.
  • India, for its part, also has some of the top-ranking universities in the world. When compared with the UK, the number is significantly lower.
  • Regarding research institutions, the UK is far more developed than India. The ethics surrounding the research are taken more seriously in the UK.
  • The facilities provided for research are far better in the UK compared to India and provide a solid foundation for the student's professional careers.


  • India provides cost-effective education for undergraduate courses.
  • Regarding master's and research programmes, teaching in the UK tends to be friendly.
  • Master's studies in the UK can be finished as early as one year.
  • It takes 2 or 3 years to complete a postgraduate degree in India.


  • Education in the UK provides a broader range of options for students compared to India.
  • New courses can be quickly launched at UK universities based on current trends or industry needs.
  • For example, in the computer field, more advanced course options like robotics, AI, ethical hacking, etc., are available at the master's level in the UK.
  • As Indian colleges focus more on medicine and engineering subjects, so this kind of course diversity is unavailable., Unlike education in the UK, academic autonomy is very limited in India, as it is governed by state or central educational bodies.


  • In a specific course, students in Indian universities can choose from a limited number of subjects in their respective streams.
  • Most of the time, the colleges or teachers choose the subjects based on the availability of teaching faculties.
  • But the education system in the UK allows students to choose from a wide range of subjects, even outside their subject stream.
  • Significant subjects and electives can be changed during the middle of a course at UK universities.
  • Students in India can't change their subjects after the course has commenced.


  • Universities and colleges in the UK and India provide merit-based admission to their students.
  • Both countries have admissions or entrance exams to evaluate the candidates.
  • However, additional admission options based on quota (caste, religion, or income), government schemes, and referrals are also provided in India.
  • Admission to education in the United Kingdom is solely based on merit (academic/athletic).


  • The UK provides more scholarship options to both native and international students.
  • Scholarships are provided for good academic or sporting performance, economic status, specific courses, etc. And it can be easily accessed.
  • Generous scholarships are offered to entice students from underdeveloped nations to pursue higher education in the UK.
  • This ensures that the students will live a good life in the UK without financial strain.
  • In India, scholarships are limited and provided mainly by government institutions. It is complex to apply for and receive.
  • In recent years, awareness about scholarships in Indian universities has increased among students.


  • UK universities provide the solid infrastructure required for a sound education system.
  • As a developing country, India has been improving its education infrastructure over the years. But still, it needs to improve in some areas compared to the UK.
  • UK universities have large campuses that are well maintained with facilities like track grounds, swimming pools, gyms, restaurants, etc.
  • Physical education in the UK is given a lot of importance. Hence, UK universities possess various sports courts for their students to 
  • But the Indian college campuses are much smaller, with a common playground for sports activities. Canteens will be there for students to buy food.
  • UK universities have large libraries when compared with Indian universities.
  • This significant difference is because Indian universities do not have the same budget as UK universities to provide such facilities to their students.


  • Students in the UK are encouraged to work while studying, which is not a common practice in India.
  • This helps UK students be confident and independent when searching for jobs after graduation.
  • Education in the UK offers many opportunities for students to meet well-known professionals from their respective fields. This helps them move into their professional career very quickly.
  • In India, only top-ranking universities provide promising job opportunities. Less-ranked universities and colleges find offering their students placement or professional opportunities difficult.
  • Students not interested in jobs can also find options for joining research assistantships or in-house college openings in India and the UK.
  • However, education in the UK is more promising regarding job and salary opportunities.


  • India is home to several religions, languages, cultures, etc. An ensemble considered to be the "cocktail of 
  • On the other hand, the UK is considered a "cultural superpower," with people from many countries living there.
  • Both countries have a safe, healthy, and tolerant environment for students.
  • The international student population in India is comparatively smaller than that in the UK. This makes education in the UK a better option and a unique experience for students.

The points discussed above are some of the reasons why education in the UK is considered to be the best. In some way or another, the UK education system is much better and more advanced than in other countries. Education in the United Kingdom is also available online for students who do not wish to relocate to a new country. However, teaching in the UK can be stressful due to the limited time to complete the course. The education system in India can learn and implement many things to improve the quality of education. India also has some popular methods to offer students, and some fields are well-developed in India. We list the benefits of education in the UK to encourage students to choose a different study environment. This will help enrich their academic experience and prepare them to return and work for the betterment of their country. Finally, it entirely relies on the students' hands to decide what and where they want to study.

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